Cardiology

Cardiology - What is Cardiology?

Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart. The field includes diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Physicians specializing in this field of medicine are called cardiologists.

Cardiologists should not be confused with cardiac surgeons, cardiothoracic and cardiovascular, who are surgeons who perform cardiac surgery via sternotomy - open operative procedures on the heart and great vessels.

The term ''cardiology'' is derived from the Greek word ''καρδιά'' (transliterated as ''kardia'' and meaning ''heart'' or ''inner self'').

This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article on "Cardiology" All material adapted used from Wikipedia is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Wikipedia® itself is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

Cardiac Pharmaceutical Agents

The followings are medications commonly prescribed in cardiology:

  • Antiarrhythmic agents
    • Type I (sodium channel blockers)
      • Type Ia
        • Quinidine
        • Type Ib
          • Lidocaine
          • Phenytoin
          • Type Ic
            • Propafenone
            • Type II (beta blockers)
              • Metoprolol
              • Type III (potassium channel blockers)
                • Amiodarone
                • Dofetilide
                • Sotalol
                • Type IV (slow calcium channel blockers)
                  • Diltiazem
                  • Verapamil
                  • Type V
                    • Adenosine
                    • Digoxin
                    • ACE inhibitors
                      • Captopril
                      • Enalapril
                      • Perindopril
                      • Ramipril
                      • Angiotensin II receptor antagonists
                        • Candesartan
                        • Eprosartan
                        • Irbesartan
                        • Losartan
                        • Telmisartan
                        • Valsartan
                        • Beta blocker
                        • Calcium channel blocker

This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article on "Cardiology" All material adapted used from Wikipedia is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Wikipedia® itself is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.

Cardiology Procedures

  • Blood tests
  • Echocardiogram
  • Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
  • Cardiac stress test
  • Auscultation (Listening with the Stethoscope)

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

  • QT interval
  • Osborn wave
  • Ambulatory Holter monitor
  • Electrophysiology study
    • Programmed electrical stimulation
    • Sphygmomanometer (Blood pressure cuff)
    • Cardiac enzymes
    • Coronary catheterization
      • Myocardial Fractional Flow Reserve (FFRmyo)
      • IVUS (IntraVascular UltraSound)
      • OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography)

This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article on "Cardiology" All material adapted used from Wikipedia is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Wikipedia® itself is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.