This leaflet is created from first aid advice provided by St John Ambulance, the nation's leading first aid charity. This advice is no substitute for first aid training - find a training course near you.
A stroke is caused by a portion of the brain being starved of oxygen. This can be due to a burst blood vessel or a clot blocking a blood vessel. The lack of oxygen causes damage to the brain. The long-term effects of a stroke depend on what part of the brain is involved and on how much tissue is affected.
To recognise if someone has suffered a stroke, perform the FAST (Face, Arms, Speech, Time) test:
Note: these hints are no substitute for thorough knowledge of first aid. St John Ambulance holds first aid courses throughout the country.
This leaflet was taken from the St John Ambulance website: stroke. Copyright for this leaflet is with St John Ambulance.