Dealing with Fractures

This leaflet is created from first aid advice provided by St John Ambulance, the nation's leading first aid charity. This advice is no substitute for first aid training - find a training course near you.

A fracture is a complete or incomplete break or a crack in a bone, due to an excessive amount of force.

Recognition and treatment

  1. Look for:
    • Swelling.
    • Unnatural range of movement.
    • Immobility.
    • Grating noise or feeling.
    • Deformity.
    • Loss of strength.
    • Shock.
    • Twisting.
    • Shortening or bending of a limb.
  1. Support and immobilise:
    • Support the injured limb.
    • Immobilise the affected part.
  1. Call for help:
    • Dial 999/112 for an ambulance.
    • Treat for shock.

More information about fractures

A fracture may cause other internal injuries.

In addition to the treatment above, if the fractured bone ruptures the skin, treat for an object in wound.

Note: these hints are no substitute for thorough knowledge of first aid. St John Ambulance holds first aid courses throughout the country.


This leaflet was taken from the St John Ambulance website: fractures. Copyright for this leaflet is with St John Ambulance.