The name of your medicine is APO-Frusemide. It contains the active ingredient frusemide.
Frusemide belongs to a family of drugs called diuretics. A diuretic helps reduce the amount of excess fluid in the body by increasing the amount of urine produced.
Frusemide is used to treat swelling of the ankles, feet, legs or even the brain or lungs. This swelling is called oedema and can occur in some heart, lung, liver or kidney conditions.
Frusemide may be used in some patients with more serious kidney problems who may have some fluid retention.
Frusemide may also be used to lower high blood pressure (which is also called hypertension).
Everyone has blood pressure. This pressure helps move your blood around your body. Your blood pressure may be different at different times of the day, depending on how busy or worried you are. You have hypertension (high blood pressure) when your blood pressure stays higher than is needed, even when you are calm and relaxed.
If high blood pressure is not treated it can lead to serious health problems, including stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.
Frusemide may be taken alone or in combination with other medicines to treat your condition.
Your doctor may have prescribed frusemide for another purpose.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why it has been prescribed for you.
This medicine is only available with a doctor's prescription.
This medicine is not addictive.
Do not take frusemide if you have:
Do not take frusemide if you are allergic to:
Some symptoms of an allergic reaction include skin rash, itching, shortness of breath or swelling of the face, lips or tongue, which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
Do not take frusemide if you are pregnant.
Do not take frusemide if you are breastfeeding or planning to breast-feed.
The active drug, frusemide, passes into breast milk and there is a possibility your baby may be affected.
Do not take it after the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack.
If you take it after the expiry date has passed, it may not work as well.
Do not take frusemide if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.
Tell your doctor if you have allergies to:
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
Like most medicines of this kind, frusemide is not recommended to be used during pregnancy. If there is a need to consider frusemide during your pregnancy, your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of taking it if you are pregnant.
Tell your doctor if you are breastfeeding or planning to breast-feed.
Frusemide passes into breast milk and there is a possibility your baby may be affected. Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of taking it if you are breast-feeding or planning to breast-feed.
Tell your doctor if you have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
Tell your doctor if you are on a salt restricted diet.
If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell them before you take frusemide.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food store.
Some medicines should not be taken with frusemide. This includes large amounts of laxatives.
Some medicines may interfere with frusemide. These include:
These medicines may be affected by frusemide, or may affect how well it works. You may need to use different amounts of your medicine, or take different medicines. Your doctor or pharmacist will advise you.
You should not eat large amounts of liquorice when you are taking frusemide.
Your doctor or pharmacist has more information on medicines to be careful with or to avoid while taking frusemide.
Follow the directions given to you by your doctor and pharmacist carefully.
These directions may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure of the correct dose for you.
They will tell you exactly how much to take.
Follow the instructions they give you. If you take the wrong dose, frusemide may not work as well and your problem may not improve.
Take frusemide tablets with a glass of water.
Frusemide tablets are usually taken once or twice a day.
Take frusemide tablets on an empty stomach. For example, one hour before food or two hours after food.
Food can interfere with the absorption of frusemide tablets.
Take frusemide tablets at about the same time each day unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
Taking your medicine at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take the medicine.
If your doctor prescribes frusemide tablets to be taken once a day, it is best done in the morning, for example, before breakfast.
If you are taking frusemide tablets more than once a day, take your first dose immediately before breakfast and take your last dose around 2:00 pm (on an empty stomach), unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
Frusemide may increase the amount of urine you pass; it will also increase the number of times you need to go to the toilet. By taking your last dose around 2:00 pm, there may be less chance that your sleep is disturbed.
How long to take it for
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
The medicine helps control your condition and lowers the fluid build-up in your body.
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
The medicine helps control your blood pressure, but it does not cure it. Continue taking the medicine until your doctor tells you to stop.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure how long to take the medicine for.
Do not try to make up for missed doses by taking more than one dose at a time.
This may increase the chance of getting an unwanted side effect.
If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take the next dose when you are meant to.
If there is still a long time to go before your next dose, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking it as you would normally.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering when to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for hints.
Immediately telephone your doctor, or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26), or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much frusemide.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning.
You may need urgent medical attention.
If you take too much frusemide, you may feel confused, dehydrated, dizzy or you may pass excessive urine.
Tell all the doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking frusemide.
If you are about to be started on any new medicine, tell your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking frusemide.
If you plan to have a surgery that needs a general anaesthetic, tell your doctor or dentist that you are taking this medicine.
Your blood pressure may drop suddenly.
If you become pregnant while you are taking this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Tell your doctor if you have excessive vomiting or diarrhoea while taking frusemide or if you experience any of the following symptoms:
If you experience these symptoms, you may be dehydrated because you are losing too much water.
Make sure you drink enough water during any exercise and during hot weather when you are taking frusemide, especially if you sweat a lot.
If you do not drink enough water while taking frusemide, you may feel faint or light-headed or sick. This is because your blood pressure is dropping suddenly and you are dehydrating. If you continue to feel unwell, tell your doctor.
If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking frusemide.
There may be some interference with the results of these tests.
If you are taking frusemide to treat high blood pressure, make sure you have your blood pressure checked when your doctor says to make sure frusemide is working properly.
Do not give this medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.
Do not use this medicine to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.
Do not stop taking frusemide, or change the dosage, without checking with your doctor.
If you feel light-headed, dizzy or faint, get up slowly when getting out of bed or standing up.
You may feel light-headed or dizzy when you begin to take frusemide. This is because your blood pressure is falling suddenly. Standing up slowly, especially when you get up from beds or chairs, will help your body get used to the change in position and blood pressure. If this problem continues or gets worse, talk to your doctor.
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how frusemide affects you.
Diuretic medicines may cause dizziness or light-headedness in some people. Make sure you know how you react to your medicine before you drive a car, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or lightheaded.
If this occurs do not drive.
If you drink alcohol or take strong painkillers, dizziness or lightheadedness may be worse.
The effects of alcohol could be made worse while taking frusemide. It is not recommended that you drink alcohol while taking frusemide.
If you are taking frusemide for a long period of time, you should check with your doctor to determine whether or not you should eat more potassium-containing foods or take potassium supplements. However, increasing the amount of potassium in your diet may not be necessary and could be harmful. Check with your doctor.
Frusemide may cause your skin to become more sensitive to the sun. If this happens you should take care to wear protective clothing including a hat and sun block when you are outside.
Some self-help measures suggested below may help your condition.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about these measures and for more information.
All medicines have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time they are not. Your doctor has weighed the risks of using this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects.
You may not experience any of them.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking frusemide.
Frusemide helps most people with high blood pressure or fluid retention, but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:
These are more common side effects of frusemide. Mostly they are mild or short-lived.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following:
These may be serious side effects of frusemide. You may need urgent medical attention. Serious side effects are uncommon.
If any of the following happen, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:
These are serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. These side effects are very rare.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell.
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some people.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
Keep your frusemide tablets in the bottle until it is time to take them.
If you store your frusemide tablets out of the container they may not keep well.
Keep your frusemide tablets in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store frusemide tablets or any other medicine in the bathroom, near a sink, or on a windowsill.
Do not leave it in the car.
Heat, sunlight and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking frusemide or the medicine has passed its expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that is left over. Return any unused medicine to your pharmacist.
20 mg tablets:
White to off-white round tablets, debossed with 'F2' on one side and plain on the other side.
Packaged in bottles of 50 and 100 tablets.
40 mg tablets:
White to off-white round tablets, debossed with 'F4' on one side and breakline on the other side.
Packaged in bottles of 30, 50, 60 and 100 tablets.
* Not all strengths and/or pack sizes may be available.
Each tablet contains 20 mg or 40 mg of frusemide as the active ingredient.
It also contains the following inactive ingredients:
This medicine is gluten-free and free of azo dyes.
APO-Frusemide 20 mg tablets: AUST R 186517.
APO-Frusemide 40 mg tablets: AUST R 186516.