The name of your medicine is APO-Gabapentin. It contains the active ingredient, gabapentin.
It is used to:
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
Gabapentin belongs to a group of medicines called anticonvulsants.
It is thought to work by controlling brain chemicals which send signals to nerves to help control seizures or neuropathic pain.
This medicine helps to relieve pain.
Your doctor may prescribe gabapentin in addition to your current treatment when your current treatment is no longer working as well.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive
Gabapentin is not recommended for use in children under the age of:
Do not take this medicine if:
If you think you are having an allergic reaction, do not take any more of the medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at the nearest hospital.
Before you start taking this medicine, tell your doctor if:
1. You have allergies to:
2. You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
3. You currently are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
4. You are currently breastfeeding or you plan to breast-feed.
5. You are planning to have surgery or an anaesthetic.
6. You are currently receiving or are planning to receive dental treatment.
7. You are taking or are planning to take any other medicines.
Some medicines may interact with gabapentin. These include:
If you are taking any of these you may need a different dose or you may need to take different medicines.
Other medicines not listed above may also interact with gabapentin.
Follow all directions given to you by your doctor carefully. They may be different to the information in this leaflet.
If you do not understand any written instructions, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
Your doctor will tell you how many capsules you will need to take. This depends on your condition and whether or not you are taking any other medicines.
Your doctor may recommend that you start with a low dose of gabapentin and then slowly increase the dose to the lowest amount needed to control your epilepsy or neuropathic pain.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change your dosage unless instructed by your doctor.
Swallow gabapentin capsules whole with a full glass of water.
Take your medicine at about the same time each day.
Taking it at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take it.
If you are taking gabapentin three times a day, do not allow more than 12 hours between doses.
It does not matter if you take this medicine before or after food.
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
This medicine helps control your condition, but does not cure it.
Therefore, you must take it every day, even if you feel well.
Make sure you have enough to last over weekends and holidays.
If you have missed a dose by more than 4 hours, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.
Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.
This may increase the chance of you getting an unwanted side effect.
If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.
If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much of this medicine, immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Tel: 13 11 26 for Australia) for advice, or go to the Accident and Emergency Department at the nearest hospital.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.
If you take too much gabapentin, you may feel drowsy, weak, unsteady when walking, have double vision, slurred speech or diarrhoea.
Tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine if:
Gabapentin may affect the results of some tests.
Your doctor may occasionally do tests to make sure the medicine is working and to prevent side effects.
Go to your doctor regularly for a check-up.
Suicidal thoughts or behaviours
Treatment with antiepileptic medicines is associated with a risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviour; available data suggest that the increased risk applies to all antiepileptic medicines and may be seen as early as 1 week after starting treatment. However suicidal thoughts and actions can also be from other causes.
There is no need to stop treatment on the basis of this new information unless your doctor says so. Stopping these medicines suddenly can cause serious problems. Anyone who is concerned about their treatment should talk to their doctor first.
Pay close attention to any day-to-day changes in mood, behaviour and actions. These changes can happen very quickly so it is important to be mindful of any sudden differences.
Be aware of common warning signs that might be a signal for risk of suicidal behaviour. Some of these are:
If any of the above happens seek medical advice immediately.
Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how gabapentin affects you.
As with other anticonvulsant medicines, gabapentin may cause dizziness, light-headedness, tiredness or drowsiness in some people.
Be careful when drinking alcohol while taking this medicine.
Combining this medicine with alcohol can make you more sleepy, dizzy or light-headed.
Your doctor may suggest you avoid alcohol while you are being treated with gabapentin.
Children taking gabapentin should not ride a bike, climb trees or doing anything else that could be dangerous if they are feeling drowsy or sleepy.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking gabapentin or if you have any questions or concerns.
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them. All medicines may have some unwanted side effects. Sometimes they are serious, but most of the time, they are not .If you get any side effects, do not stop taking gabapentin without first talking to your doctor.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following:
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following.
These may be serious side effects. You may need medical attention:
The side effects in the above list marked * have been specifically reported in children taking gabapentin.
Most of these side effects are rare.
If you experience any of the following, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital.
These are very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation:
If you think you are having an allergic reaction to gabapentin, do not take any more of this medicine and tell your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include some or all of the following:
Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people. Some of these side effects (for example, changes in liver function) can only be found when your doctor does tests from time to time to check your progress.
Keep your medicine in its original packaging until it is time to take it.
If you take the capsules out of the original packaging, they may not keep well.
Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.
Do not store your medicine, or any other medicine, in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a windowsill or in the car. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep it where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine, or it has passed its expiry date, your pharmacist can dispose of the remaining medicine safely.
APO-Gabapentin 100 mg Capsules:
Hard gelatin capsules with white opaque body and a white opaque cap. "Apo 112" is imprinted on each capsule in black ink.
Available in bottles of 100 capsules.
Each capsule contains 100 mg of gabapentin, as the active ingredient.
They also contain the following inactive ingredients:
In addition, the black printing ink (SW-9008/SW-9009) contains the following ingredients:
This medicine is gluten-free, lactose-free, sucrose-free, tartrazine-free and other azo dyes-free.
APO-Gabapentin 100 mg Capsules (bottle): AUST R 151318