The name of your medicine is APO-Galantamine MR. It contains the active ingredient galantamine hydrobromide.
It is used to treat:
The symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include confusion, memory loss or other changes in behaviour. As the disease progresses, patients find it more and more difficult to carry out their normal daily activities.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
The symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are thought to be due to a lack of acetylcholine, a substance which transmits messages between brain cells. APO-Galantamine MR increases the amount of this substance, to help improve or stabilise the symptoms and therefore slow the progress of Alzheimer's disease.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.
This medicine should not be used in children.
Do not take this medicine if:
Before you start taking this medicine, tell your doctor if:
1. You have allergies to:
2. You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
3. You are currently pregnant or you plan to become pregnant. Do not take this medicine whilst pregnant until you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved.
4. You are currently breastfeeding or you plan to breast-feed. Do not take this medicine whilst breastfeeding until you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved
5. You are planning to have surgery or an anaesthetic.
6. You are currently receiving or are planning to receive dental treatment.
7. You are taking or are planning to take any other medicines. This includes vitamins and supplements that are available from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines may interact with galantamine. These include:
If you are taking any of these you may need a different dose or you may need to take different medicines.
Other medicines not listed above may also interact with galantamine.
Follow carefully all directions given to you by your doctor. Their instructions may be different to the information in this leaflet.
Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine you should take. This will depend on your condition and whether you are taking any other medicines.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change your dosage without first checking with your doctor.
The dose of APO-Galantamine MR is gradually increased to the most suitable dose. The necessary dosage steps should be determined by your doctor to suit your needs.
The following scheme is an example of how your doctor may increase the dose:
For long-term treatment, up to 24 mg a day is usually suitable but your doctor will determine the dose that is best for you.
APO-Galantamine MR capsules should be taken once a day, preferably with food.
The capsule must be swallowed whole. The contents should not be crushed and sprinkled on food.
Be sure to drink plenty of liquids during your treatment with APO-Galantamine MR to keep yourself hydrated.
Take this medicine at the same time each day. Taking it at the same time each day will have the best effect and will also help you remember when to take it.
It is preferable to take this medicine with food.
Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.
Make sure you have enough to last over weekends and holidays.
If treatment is discontinued for more than several days, tell your doctor. Your doctor will need to restart your treatment at the lowest dose. This will minimise the chance of experiencing side effects.
If it is almost time to take your next dose, skip the missed dose and take your next dose at the usual time. Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember and then go back to taking your medicine as you would normally.
Do not take a double dose to make up for missed doses.
This may increase the chance of you experiencing side effects.
If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints to help you remember.
If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much of this medicine, immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Tel: 13 11 26 in Australia) for advice. Alternatively, go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.
Tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine if:
Your doctor may occasionally do tests to make sure the medicine is working and to prevent side effects. Go to your doctor regularly for a check-up.
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you take this medicine.
APO-Galantamine MR may cause dizziness or drowsiness in some people, especially during initial treatment.
Be careful when driving or operating machinery until you know how this medicine affects you.
Alzheimer's disease may reduce your ability to drive or operate machines.
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking galantamine or if you have any questions or concerns.
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious but most of the time they are not.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:
If you experience any of the following, stop taking your medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
These are very serious side effects and you may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation:
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients.
If you think you are having an allergic reaction to galantamine, do not take any more of this medicine and tell your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include some or all of the following:
Keep your medicine in its original packaging until it is time to take it.
If you take your medicine out of its original packaging it may not keep well.
Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature will stay below 25°C.
Do not store your medicine, or any other medicine, in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep this medicine where children cannot reach it.
A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or it has passed its expiry date, your pharmacist can dispose of the remaining medicine safely.
APO-Galantamine MR modified release capsules are available in blister packs of 28 capsules.
8 mg modified release capsules
White opaque capsules containing one round biconvex capsule.
16 mg modified release capsules
Flesh opaque capsules containing two round biconvex capsule.
24 mg modified release capsules
Orange opaque capsules containing three round biconvex capsule.
* Not all strengths, pack types and/or pack sizes may be available.
Each capsule contains 8, 16 or 24 mg of galantamine hydrobromide as the active ingredient.
It also contains the following inactive ingredients:
In addition, the 16 mg capsules contain:
and the 24 mg capsules contains:
This medicine is gluten-free, lactose-free, sucrose-free, tartrazine-free and free of other azo dyes.
APO-Galantamine MR 8 mg capsules (blister packs): AUST R 182030.
APO-Galantamine MR 16 mg capsules (blister packs): AUST R 182041.
APO-Galantamine MR 24 mg capsules (blister packs): AUST R 182034.