Finacea gel contains the active ingredient azelaic acid, which is a medicine used to treat acne.
Azelaic acid reduces the growth of the keratin surface skin cells that can block pores. This helps to unblock the pores and sebaceous glands (glands which secrete sebum) and as a result the sebum can escape. This reduces the formation of blackheads (comedones) and spots.
Azelaic acid also kills the bacteria associated with acne, Propionebacterium acnes. This is a common type of bacteria that feeds on sebum produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. It produces waste products and fatty acids that irritate the sebaceous glands, making them inflamed and causing spots.
Azelaic acid reduces the numbers of these bacteria by reducing their food source (sebum) and by inhibiting their growth. By controlling bacterial numbers, the inflammation of the sebaceous glands is brought under control, and the skin is allowed to heal.
Finacea gel should be applied to the affected areas twice daily (mornings and evenings) after washing the skin, and massaged gently into the skin.
Regular use is important. In general, an improvement in the acne becomes apparent after about four weeks of using the gel. The manufacturer states that to obtain the best results, Finacea gel should be applied over a period of several months.
Finacea gel can also be used to treat acne rosacea (where the skin on the face is unusually red). The exact way that the azelaic acid works in this condition is unclear, but it has been shown to reduce the redness and swelling of this condition. In rosacea, an improvement should become apparent after about four to eight weeks of using the gel. Again, to obtain the best results, the manufacturer states that the gel should be applied over a period of several months.
This medicine should not be used if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy.
If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
Certain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy, before using any medicine.
Medicines and their possible side effects can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Just because a side effect is stated here does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect.
The side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the medicine's manufacturer.
For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist.
This medicine is not known to affect other medicines.