Azelastine

Latest prescription information about Azelastine. Learn how to pronounce the drug’s name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.

Generic Name : Azelastine

Pronunciation : a-ZEL-as-teen

Therapeutic Classification : Nasal Medications

Trade Name(s): 
India- Oculast, Optihist -AZ Eye, Azelast.
International- Astelin , Astepro , Optivar.

Why it is prescribed (Indications) : 
This medication is a selective histamine antagonist, prescribed in treating allergic rhinitis. It blocks the histamine action, which reduces allergy symptoms.

When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): 

Hypersensitivity.

Category C : Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.

Dosage & When it is to be taken : 
Adult: The recommended dose is two sprays per nostril twice daily.
Child: The recommended dose is one spray per nostril twice daily.

How it should be taken : 
It comes as a nasal spray.

Warnings and Precautions : 
* It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
* Avoid alcoholic beverages.
* Caution needed for pregnant and breastfeeding women.

Side Effects : 
Most Common- Bitter taste, headache, drowsiness, nasal burning, inflammation of pharynx/nose, dry mouth, sneezing, nausea, fatigue, dizziness, nosebleed and increased weight.
Body as Whole- Allergic reaction, back pain, viral infection, discomfort or uneasiness, pain in extremities, abdominal pain and fever.
Heart - Flushing, high blood pressure and fast heart rate.
Skin- Contact dermatitis, inflammation, hair follicle infection, skin infection and skin laceration.
Gastrointestinal- Constipation, inflammation of stomach/tongue/intestine, ulcer, vomiting, increased SGPT, diarrhea and toothache.
Metabolic- Increased appetite.
Musculoskeletal- Muscle/joint pain, jawbone dislocation and joint inflammation.
Central Nervous System- Hyperactivity and fainting.
Psychological- Anxiety, depersonalization, depression, nervousness, sleep disorder and abnormal thinking.
Respiratory- Asthma, coughing, throat burning, inflammation of larynx/bronchus/sinus, dry throat, shortness of breath, nasal congestion, nasal dryness and post nasal drip.

Eye and ENT- Eye inflammation, eye pain, watery eyes, nasal sore and loss of taste.
Genitourinary - Presence of albumin in urine, breast pain, absence of menstrual period, blood in urine and increased urinary frequency.

Other Precautions : 
*Avoid excess dosage.

Storage Conditions : 
Store it at controlled room temperature 20°- 25°C.