Generic Name: kanamycin (KAN a MYE sin)Brand Names: Kantrex
Kanamycin is in a group of drugs called aminoglycosides (a-MEEN-oh-GLY-koe-sides). It fights bacteria in the body.
Kanamycin is used to treat serious infections caused by bacteria.
Kanamycin may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Before using kanamycin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have kidney disease, asthma or sulfite allergy, or a muscle disorder such as myasthenia gravis.To be sure this medication is not causing harmful effects, your kidney function will need to be tested on a regular basis. Your hearing may also need to be checked. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.
Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Kanamycin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.
Stop using this medicine if you have a serious side effect such as hearing loss, ringing in your ears, spinning sensation, problems with balance, numbness or tingling, muscle twitching, seizure (convulsions), or urinating less than usual or not at all.
neomycin (Mycifradin, Neo-Fradin, Neo-Tab),
paromomycin (Humatin, Paromycin),
tobramycin (Nebcin, Tobi).
Before using kanamycin, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:
asthma or a sulfite allergy; or
a muscle disorder such as myasthenia gravis.
If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use kanamycin.FDA pregnancy category D. This medication can cause harm to an unborn baby. Do not use kanamycin without telling your doctor if you are pregnant. It could harm the unborn baby. Use effective birth control, and tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment. Kanamycin can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Kanamycin is given as an injection through a needle placed into a vein or a muscle. Your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare provider will give you this injection. You may be shown how to use your medicine at home. Do not self-inject this medicine if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose of needles, IV tubing, and other items used in giving the medicine.
This medicine must be given slowly when given through an IV infusion, and can take up to 60 minutes to complete.
Do not draw your kanamycin dose into a syringe until you are ready to give yourself an injection. Do not use the medication if it has changed colors or has any particles in it. Call your doctor for a new prescription.
Use each disposable needle only one time. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container (ask your pharmacist where you can get one and how to dispose of it). Keep this container out of the reach of children and pets.To be sure this medication is not causing harmful effects, your kidney function will need to be tested on a regular basis. Your hearing may also need to be checked. Do not miss any scheduled appointments.
Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Kanamycin will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.Store kanamycin at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then to use the medicine and skip the missed dose. Do not use extra medicine to make up the missed dose.
Overdose symptoms may include hearing problems, ringing in your ears, dizziness or problems with balance, or seizure (convulsions).
Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity while you are using kanamycin.
changes in your hearing;
spinning sensation, problems with balance;
ringing or roaring sound in your ears;
numbness or tingling of your skin;
muscle twitching, seizure (convulsions); or
urinating less than usual or not at all.
Less serious side effects may include:
pain or irritation where the injection was given;
mild skin rash;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Kanamycin can be harmful to the kidneys, and these effects are increased when it is used together with other medicines that can harm the kidneys. Before using kanamycin, tell your doctor if you are also using:
any other type of antibiotic;
a diuretic (water pill);
methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall);
pain or arthritis medicines such as aspirin (Anacin, Excedrin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), etodolac (Lodine), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), and others;
medicines used to treat ulcerative colitis, such as mesalamine (Pentasa) or sulfasalazine (Azulfidine);
medicines used to prevent organ transplant rejection, such as sirolimus (Rapamune) or tacrolimus (Prograf);
antiviral medicines such as adefovir (Hepsera), cidofovir (Vistide), or foscarnet (Foscavir); or
cancer medicine such as aldesleukin (Proleukin), carmustine (BiCNU, Gliadel), cisplatin (Platinol), ifosfamide (Ifex), oxaliplatin (Eloxatin), plicamycin (Mithracin), streptozocin (Zanosar), or tretinoin (Vesanoid).
You may need dose adjustments or special tests when taking any of these medications together with kanamycin.
This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with kanamycin. Tell your doctor about all your prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.