Malathion (mal-a-THYE-on)Brand Name:
Malathion is used for:
Treating head lice.
Malathion is a pediculicide. How it kills lice is not fully understood. It may attack the nervous system of the adult lice or interfere with the development of the eggs produced by the lice.
Do NOT use Malathion if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Malathion
- you are treating an infant
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Malathion :
Some medical conditions may interact with Malathion . Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have denuded skin, a skin rash, or a ragweed allergy
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Malathion . However, no specific interactions with Malathion are known at this time.
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Malathion may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Malathion :
Use Malathion as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Malathion comes with an additional patient leaflet. Read it carefully and reread it each time you get Malathion refilled.
- Apply enough medicine to dry hair to completely wet the hair and scalp. Apply Malathion to scalp hair only. Pay special attention to the hair on the back of the head and neck while applying Malathion .
- Wash your hands immediately after applying Malathion .
- Malathion is flammable. Stay away from lit cigarettes, open flames, and other heat sources (eg, electric heaters, hair dryers) until your hair is dry.
- Allow hair to dry naturally and keep it uncovered.
- After 8 to 12 hours, shampoo hair.
- Rinse, and then comb the hair with a fine-tooth (nit) comb to remove dead lice and eggs. Start at the scalp and comb to the ends.
- If lice are still present after 7 to 9 days, use Malathion a second time. A second treatment is usually not necessary.
- If you miss a dose of Malathion , use it as soon as you remember. Continue to use it as directed by your doctor.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Malathion .
Important safety information:
- Close your eyes while applying Malathion . Avoid getting Malathion in your eyes, nose, or mouth. When using Malathion on a child, have the child keep his or her eyes closed while applying. If Malathion comes into contact with the eyes, flush with water immediately. Talk to your doctor if eye irritation continues.
- Other family members should visit a doctor to determine if they are infested with lice and need treatment.
- If skin irritation occurs, wash your scalp and hair immediately. Reapply the medicine only if the irritation stops. If irritation occurs again, talk with your health care provider.
- A slight stinging sensation may occur due to the alcohol in Malathion .
- Carefully supervise CHILDREN who are using Malathion .
- Malathion is not recommended for use in INFANTS. Safety and effectiveness in this age group have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Malathion , discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Malathion during pregnancy. It is unknown if Malathion is excreted in breast milk. If you are or will be breast-feeding while you are using Malathion , check with your doctor or pharmacist to discuss the risks to your baby.
Possible side effects of Malathion :
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Mild stinging or irritation of the skin and scalp.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue).
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include difficulty breathing; slow, shallow breathing. Malathion may be harmful if swallowed.Proper storage of Malathion :
Store Malathion at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Keep away from heat and open flame. Keep Malathion out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Malathion , please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Malathion is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Malathion . If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
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