|Type of medicine||Anticoagulant|
|Used for||To prevent harmful blood clots following hip or knee surgery, or in people with atrial fibrillation (an irregular fast heartbeat)|
Rivaroxaban works by preventing your blood from clotting as quickly or as effectively as normal. It does this by blocking a substance in your blood which is involved in the development of blood clots, called factor Xa.
Sometimes harmful blood clots can form in the veins of your legs, lungs, brain or heart, and cause a blockage. This is more likely to happen if you are having certain types of surgery, or if you have a fast irregular heartbeat. For many years, a medicine called warfarin has been commonly used to help protect against this. However, people who take warfarin need to have regular blood tests to measure how quickly their blood clots. This often means that the dose of warfarin can change quite frequently. Rivaroxaban works in a slightly different way to warfarin, so people who take rivaroxaban do not need to have regular blood tests.
You may be prescribed rivaroxaban if you are having hip or knee surgery, or if you have a certain type of irregular fast heartbeat known as atrial fibrillation.
Some medicines are not suitable for people with certain conditions, and sometimes a medicine may only be used if extra care is taken. For these reasons, before you start taking rivaroxaban it is important that your doctor or pharmacist knows:
Along with their useful effects, most medicines can cause unwanted side-effects although not everyone experiences them. These usually improve as your body adjusts to the new medicine, but speak with your doctor or pharmacist if any of the following side-effects continue or become troublesome.
|Common rivaroxaban side-effects - these affect less than 1 in 10 people who take this medicine||What can I do if I experience this?|
|Feeling sick||If you are not already doing so, try taking your doses after a meal|
|Bleeding (such as nosebleeds), anaemia||If the bleeding continues or becomes troublesome, let your doctor know|
|Feeling dizzy or faint||If this happens, do not drive or use tools or machines until you feel well again|
|Changes in some blood tests, fever, swollen feet or ankles, rash||If you are concerned about any of these, speak with your doctor|
Important: if you experience any unusual bleeding, speak with your doctor immediately or go to your local accident and emergency department without delay.
If you experience any other symptoms which you think may be due to this medicine, speak with your doctor or pharmacist.