Apraclonidine (app-rah-KLOE-nih-deen)Brand Name:
Apraclonidine Drops are used for:
Controlling or preventing high fluid pressure within the eye following certain types of eye surgery.
Apraclonidine Drops are an alpha-adrenergic agonist. It works by decreasing fluid formation inside the eye, which helps to lower the pressure inside the eye.
Do NOT use Apraclonidine Drops if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Apraclonidine Drops or to similar medicines (eg, clonidine)
- you are taking or have taken a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Apraclonidine Drops:
Some medical conditions may interact with Apraclonidine Drops. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have recently had a heart attack or you have a history of heart disease or other heart problems, high or low blood pressure, blood vessel problems, brain blood vessel problems (eg, stroke), kidney problems, or liver problems
- if you have a history of rapid fall in heart rate or blood pressure
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Apraclonidine Drops. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Barbiturates (eg, phenobarbital), narcotic pain medicine (eg, codeine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because the risk of drowsiness may be increased
- Beta-blocker eye drops (eg, timolol), beta-blockers (eg, propranolol), digoxin, or medicines for high blood pressure because side effects such as low blood pressure and slow heartbeat may be increased by Apraclonidine Drops
- MAO inhibitors (eg, phenelzine) because the risk of high blood pressure may be increased
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Apraclonidine Drops may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Apraclonidine Drops:
Use Apraclonidine Drops as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Apraclonidine Drops are for use in the eye only. Avoid contact with other mucous membranes.
- To use Apraclonidine Drops, first, wash your hands. Tilt your head back. Using your index finger, pull the lower eyelid away from the eye to form a pouch. Drop the medicine into the pouch and gently close your eyes. Immediately use your finger to apply pressure to the inside corner of the eye for 1 to 2 minutes. Do not blink. Remove excess medicine around your eye with a clean tissue, being careful not to touch your eye. Wash your hands to remove any medicine that may be on them. To prevent germs from contaminating your medicine, do not touch the applicator tip to any surface, including your eye. Keep the container tightly closed.
- Wait 5 minutes before using any additional eye drop medicines to prevent Apraclonidine Drops from being washed out of the eye.
- If you miss a dose of Apraclonidine Drops, contact your doctor immediately.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Apraclonidine Drops.
Important safety information:
- Apraclonidine Drops may cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. Do not drive, operate machinery, or do anything else that could be dangerous until you know how you react to Apraclonidine Drops. Using Apraclonidine Drops alone, with certain other medicines, or with alcohol may lessen your ability to drive or perform other potentially dangerous tasks.
- Avoid drinking alcohol or taking other medications that cause drowsiness (eg, sedatives, tranquilizers) while taking Apraclonidine Drops. Apraclonidine Drops will add to the effects of alcohol and other depressants. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines are depressants.
- Apraclonidine Drops may be harmful if swallowed. If you or someone you know may have taken Apraclonidine Drops by mouth, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately.
- Use Apraclonidine Drops with extreme caution in CHILDREN. Safety and effectiveness have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant while taking Apraclonidine Drops, discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using Apraclonidine Drops during pregnancy. It is unknown if Apraclonidine Drops are excreted in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while using Apraclonidine Drops.
Possible side effects of Apraclonidine Drops:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor, side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Dry eye, mouth, or nose.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision; dizziness; drowsiness; eye pain, redness, itching, or swelling; foreign body sensation; light sensitivity; swelling of the eyelids; tearing or discharge from the eye; weakness.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms of oral ingestion may include drowsiness; lower body temperature (hypothermia); slow or irregular heartbeat.Proper storage of Apraclonidine Drops:
Store Apraclonidine Drops between 34 and 77 degrees F (2 and 25 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Apraclonidine Drops out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Apraclonidine Drops, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Apraclonidine Drops are to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Apraclonidine Drops. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.