Codeine/Pyrilamine (KOE-deen/pir-IL-a-meen)Brand Name:
Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is used for:
Relieving runny nose, sneezing, and cough due to colds, upper respiratory infections, and allergies. It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is an antihistamine and narcotic cough suppressant combination. The antihistamine works by blocking the action of histamine, which helps reduce symptoms such as watery eyes and sneezing. The cough suppressant works in the brain to help decrease the cough reflex, which reduces dry cough.
Do NOT use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup if:
- you are allergic to any ingredient in Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup or any other codeine- or morphine-related medicine
- you have severe high blood pressure, severe heart blood vessel disease, increased pressure in the brain, respiratory depression, angle-closure glaucoma, or peptic ulcers
- you are unable to urinate or are having an asthma attack
- you are taking sodium oxybate (GHB) or if you have taken furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) (eg, phenelzine) within the last 14 days
Contact your doctor or health care provider right away if any of these apply to you.
Before using Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:
Some medical conditions may interact with Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have any medical conditions, especially if any of the following apply to you:
- if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding
- if you are taking any prescription or nonprescription medicine, herbal preparation, or dietary supplement
- if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances
- if you have heart blood vessel problems, irregular heartbeat, or any other heart problems (eg, cor pulmonale)
- if you have a history of high blood pressure; diabetes; liver problems; stroke; glaucoma or increased pressure in the eye; a blockage of your bladder, stomach, or bowels; ulcers; trouble urinating; an enlarged prostate or other prostate problems; or an overactive thyroid
- if you have a history of asthma, chronic cough, lung or breathing problems (eg, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, sleep apnea, slow or irregular breathing), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or if your cough occurs with large amounts of mucus
- if you have severe drowsiness, recent head or brain injury, brain tumor or lesions, infection of the brain or nervous system, or a seizure disorder (eg, epilepsy)
- if you have a history of constipation, stomach problems (eg, ulcers), bowel problems (eg, chronic inflammation or ulceration of the bowel), urinary problems (eg, urinary tract obstruction), or gallbladder problems (eg, gallstones), or if you have had recent stomach or bowel surgery
- if you have a history of alcohol or substance abuse or suicidal thoughts or behavior, or if you are very overweight
Some MEDICINES MAY INTERACT with Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. Tell your health care provider if you are taking any other medicines, especially any of the following:
- Anticholinergics (eg, scopolamine) because a serious bowel motility problem (paralytic ileus) may occur
- Cimetidine, furazolidone, GHB, HIV protease inhibitors (eg, ritonavir), MAOIs (eg, phenelzine), or tricyclic antidepressants (eg, amitriptyline) because they may increase the risk of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup's side effects
- Narcotic pain medicines (eg, hydrocodone) because the risk of their side effects may be increased by Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup
- Naltrexone, quinidine, or rifamycins (eg, rifampin) because they may decrease Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup's effectiveness
This may not be a complete list of all interactions that may occur. Ask your health care provider if Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may interact with other medicines that you take. Check with your health care provider before you start, stop, or change the dose of any medicine.
How to use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:
Use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup as directed by your doctor. Check the label on the medicine for exact dosing instructions.
- Take Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup by mouth with or without food.
- Use a measuring device marked for medicine dosing. Ask your pharmacist for help if you are unsure of how to measure your dose.
- If you miss a dose of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup, take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Ask your health care provider any questions you may have about how to use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup.
Important safety information:
- Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may cause dizziness, drowsiness, or blurred vision. These effects may be worse if you take it with alcohol or certain medicines. Use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup with caution. Do not drive or perform other possibly unsafe tasks until you know how you react to it.
- Do not drink alcohol or use medicines that may cause drowsiness (eg, sleep aids, muscle relaxers) while you are using Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup; it may add to their effects. Ask your pharmacist if you have questions about which medicines may cause drowsiness.
- Do not take diet or appetite control medicines while you are taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup without checking with your doctor.
- Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup has codeine and pyrilamine in it. Before you start any new medicine, check the label to see if it has codeine or pyrilamine in it too. If it does or if you are not sure, check with your doctor or pharmacist.
- Do NOT take more than the recommended dose or use for longer than prescribed without checking with your doctor.
- If your cough or other symptoms persist for more than 1 week, come back, or if you also have fever, rash, or persistent headache, check with your doctor.
- Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may interfere with skin allergy tests. If you are scheduled for a skin test, talk to your doctor. You may need to stop taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup for a few days before the test.
- Tell your doctor or dentist that you take Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
- Use Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup with caution in the ELDERLY; they may be more sensitive to its effects.
- Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup should not be used in CHILDREN younger than 6 years old; safety and effectiveness in these children have not been confirmed.
- PREGNANCY and BREAST-FEEDING: If you become pregnant, contact your doctor. You will need to discuss the benefits and risks of using Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup while you are pregnant. It is not known if Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is found in breast milk. Do not breast-feed while taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup.
When used for long periods of time or at high doses, Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup may not work as well and may require higher doses to obtain the same effect as when originally taken. This is known as TOLERANCE. Talk with your doctor if Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup stops working well. Do not take more than prescribed.
When used for long periods of time or at high doses, some people develop a need to continue taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. This is known as DEPENDENCE or addiction.
If you suddenly stop taking Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup, you may experience WITHDRAWAL symptoms including anxiety; diarrhea; fever, runny nose, or sneezing; goose bumps and abnormal skin sensations; nausea; pain; rigid muscles; rapid heartbeat; seeing, hearing or feeling things that are not there; shivering or tremors; sweating; trouble sleeping; vomiting.
Possible side effects of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:
All medicines may cause side effects, but many people have no, or minor side effects. Check with your doctor if any of these most COMMON side effects persist or become bothersome:
Constipation; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth, nose, or throat; headache; loss of appetite; nausea; thickening of mucus secretions; upset stomach; vomiting.
Seek medical attention right away if any of these SEVERE side effects occur:
Severe allergic reactions (rash; hives; itching; difficulty breathing; tightness in the chest; swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue); blurred vision, double vision, or other vision changes; confusion; difficulty urinating or inability to urinate; fast or irregular heartbeat; loss of coordination; mood or mental changes; nervousness; ringing in the ears; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; tremor; trouble sleeping; unusual bruising or bleeding; unusual weakness or tiredness.
This is not a complete list of all side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, contact your health care provider. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects at http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.
If OVERDOSE is suspected:
Contact 1-800-222-1222 (the American Association of Poison Control Centers), your local poison control center (http://www.aapcc.org), or emergency room immediately. Symptoms may include blurred vision; cold, clammy skin; coma; confusion; hallucinations; muscle weakness; seizures; severe dizziness, lightheadedness, or headache; severe drowsiness; unusually fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat; vomiting.Proper storage of Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup:
Store Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup at room temperature, between 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C). Store away from heat, moisture, and light. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup out of the reach of children and away from pets.
- If you have any questions about Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup, please talk with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
- Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup is to be used only by the patient for whom it is prescribed. Do not share it with other people.
- If your symptoms do not improve or if they become worse, check with your doctor.
This information is a summary only. It does not contain all information about Codeine/Pyrilamine Syrup. If you have questions about the medicine you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or other health care provider.