Generic name: Polymyxin B sulfate, Neomycin sulfate, HydrocortisoneBrand names: Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension
Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension is a combination of the steroid drug, hydrocortisone, and two antibiotics. It is prescribed to relieve inflammatory conditions such as irritation, swelling, redness, and general eye discomfort, and to treat superficial bacterial infections of the eye.
Prolonged use of Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension may increase pressure within the eye, leading to potential damage to the optic nerve and visual problems. Prolonged use also may suppress your immune response and thus increase the hazard of secondary eye infections. Your doctor should measure your eye pressure periodically if you are using this product for 10 days or longer.
To help clear up your infection completely, use Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension exactly as prescribed for the full time of treatment, even if your symptoms have disappeared.
Administer the eyedrops as follows:
If you do not improve after 2 days, your doctor should re-evaluate your case.
Do not share Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension with anyone else; you may spread the infection.
Side effects cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue using Cortisporin.
Cortisporin should not be used if you have certain viral or fungal diseases of the eye, including inflammation of the cornea caused by herpes simplex, chickenpox, or cowpox, or if you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to any of its ingredients.
Remember that steroids such as hydrocortisone may hide the existence of an infection or worsen an existing one.
If you are using Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension for more than 10 days, your doctor should routinely check your eye pressure. If you already have high pressure within the eye (glaucoma), use Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension cautiously.
Neomycin, one of the ingredients in Cortisporin, may cause an allergic reaction—usually itching, redness, and swelling—or failure to heal. If you develop any of these signs, stop using Cortisporin; the symptoms should quickly subside. If the condition persists or gets worse, or if a rash or allergic reaction develops, call your doctor immediately. You are more likely to be sensitive to neomycin if you are sensitive to the following antibiotics: kanamycin, paromomycin, streptomycin, and possibly gentamicin.
The use of steroids in the eye can prolong and worsen many viral infections of the eye, including herpes simplex. Use Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension with extreme caution if you have this infection.
If you develop a sensitivity to Cortisporin, avoid other topical medications that contain neomycin.
Eye products that are not handled properly can become contaminated with bacteria that cause eye infections. If you use a contaminated product, you can seriously damage your eyes, even to the point of blindness.
No interactions have been reported.
Although the effects of Cortisporin during pregnancy have not been adequately studied, steroids should be used during pregnancy only if the benefits outweigh the dangers to the fetus. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Hydrocortisone, when taken orally, appears in breast milk. Since medication may be absorbed into the bloodstream when it is applied to the eye, your doctor may advise you to stop breastfeeding until your treatment with Cortisporin is finished.
The usual recommended dose is 1 or 2 drops in the affected eye every 3 or 4 hours, depending on the severity of the condition. Cortisporin may be used more often if necessary.
Any medication used in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose of Cortisporin Ophthalmic Suspension, seek medical treatment immediately.